facts about ukraine

    agent kooldude09
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    facts about ukraine Empty facts about ukraine

    Post by agent kooldude09 on Sat Sep 05, 2009 6:38 pm

    Location: Eastern Europe*;
    Neighbors are Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Russia, and Belarus
    *Ukraine is part of former Soviet Union or USSR, one of the NIS states ("Newly Independent States"), and member of CIS ("Commonwealth of Independent States", a subdivision of the NIS)
    Population: 48 million (down from peak of 51 million in 1980s)
    Area: 603,000 km2 (slightly larger than France and slightly smaller than Texas)
    Capital: Kyiv (or Kiev)*
    *Kyiv is derived from Ukrainian and Kiev from Russian (Kiev is considered the birthplace of Russian and East Slavic culture and statehood). While Kyiv is now considered politically correct, Kiev appears in Google seven times more frequently.
    More about Kiev
    Major cities: official populations
    Kyiv - 2,635,300 (realistically approaching 4 million)
    Kharkiv - 1,575,900
    Dnipropetrovsk - 1,161,200
    Donetsk - 1,101,800
    Odesa - 1,059,500
    Zaporizhya - 887,400
    Lviv - 805,900
    Kryvyy Rih - 703,000
    Mykolayiv - 519,000
    Mariupol - 490,000
    Luhansk - 493,300
    Languages: Ukrainian and Russian*
    *Ukrainian is Ukraine's single official government language;
    In everyday use the languages are about equally popular across Ukraine, though proportion of usage differs widely by region. However, the vast majority of the population is functionally bilingual.
    More about language in Ukraine >>
    Ethno-lingual makeup: by respondents' self-definition
    Ukrainian-speaking Ukrainians: 38%
    Russian-speaking Ukrainians: 30%
    Russian-speaking Russians: 17%
    not sure: 10%
    other ethnicity: 5%
    Geography: 95% of Ukraine is flat or nearly flat, with small rolling hills.
    In the west the Carpathians rise to 2061 m (Hoverla), and in the south the Crimean Mountains reach 1545 m.
    Climate: temperate continental, except for a small strip of Crimea's southern coast, which has a mediterranean climate
    More about Ukraine's climate and geography >>
    Ukraine weather map >>
    Date of independence: August 24, 1991
    History: see this easy-to-read timeline of Ukrainian history with dates and maps at uazone.net. Also, read my pages on Ukraine from 1988 to 1993 and other articles on Ukrainian life and society.
    Major religions:
    Ukrainian Orthodoxy, Moscow Patriarchate
    Ukrainian Orthodoxy, Kyiv Patriarchate
    Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodoxy
    Ukrainian Catholicism (Uniate)
    Protestantism, Jewish Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism
    GDP: $49.9 billion (2004), GDP per capita: $1023 (official*)
    *In actuality, about 50% of Ukraine's economic production is "in the shadows," and actual earnings are greater. In addition, the hryvnia has been fixed to the dollar for years and is now quite undervalued. Using "purchasing power parity" the following numbers come closer to the truth: GDP: $260.4 billion, GDP per capita: $5400, GDP real growth rate: 9.4%
    In 2004 Ukraine was Europe's fastest growing economy, but has yet to reach pre-1991 levels of economic production.
    Currency: Hryvnia (or grivna, if transliterated from Russian), abbreviation = UAH (sometimes "hr"). Exchange rate since spring 2005 hovers around 5 UAH to 1 USD.
    See current exchange rates (Dollar, Euro, and Ruble) in left column here
    Handling money in Ukraine >>
    Government structure: Republic
    Powerful executive branch with five-year presidential term and Cabinet of Ministers with a Prime Minister appointed by the President. Legislative branch consists of unicameral 450-seat Verkhovna Rada (Supreme Council). People's deputies serve four-year terms. Judicial branch: Supreme Court, Constitutional Court. Ukraine's government structure is still in a developmental stage. During President Kuchma's terms (1994-2004) the executive branch became the only real center of power, but this is likely to be changed in 2005-2006 by a series of administrative and constitutional reforms. Ukraine consists of 27 administrative regions: 24 oblasts, the Crimea Autonomous Republic, and the cities of Kyiv and Sevastopol.
    More on Ukraine's political system from Ukrainian Embassy in Canada
    Links to Ukraine's principal governing bodies from Ukraine State Tax Administration
    National holidays:
    January 1 - New Year's Day
    January 7 - Christmas (Orthodox calendar)
    March 8 - International Women's Day
    May 1 and 2 - International Workers' Solidarity Day
    May 9 - Victory Day
    June 28 - Constitution Day
    August 24 - Independence Day
    Economy:
    Principal exports are metals, minerals, electronics, chemicals, and vegetables.
    2004 Report on Ukraine's economy, investment climate, and economic freedom from The Heritage Foundation
    Demographic structure:
    Gradually aging population. The birth rate plummeted in the 1990s but is slowly recovering as the economic situation improves. One of the highest women-to-men ratios in the world.
    Life expectancy: men - 62 years, women - 73 years

    wow that was alot of reading and typing my fingers are sour but at least i got some facts into my brain
    blain
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    facts about ukraine Empty Re: facts about ukraine

    Post by blain on Sun Sep 06, 2009 2:30 pm

    wow these are some great facts thanks for sharing
    Puffles
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    facts about ukraine Empty Re: facts about ukraine

    Post by Puffles on Sun Sep 06, 2009 3:38 pm

    Thank you for sharing some interesting facts about the Ukraine. Very Happy


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